Indian Railways being the lifeline of the nation and its highly valuable infrastructure, economic importance, high news value, fear and panic due to mass casualties pose great threat to its security. The state/UT Police also serves as ‘Govt. Railway Police’ (GRP) in their respective Railways jurisdiction. The prime jobs of GRP is prevention and detection of all crimes & criminals, registration of cases, investigation of cases, prosecution, maintain law & order in the Railways jurisdiction and trains.
Indian Railways serve nearly 13 million passengers every day therefore the security and safety of these passengers is of paramount importance of GRP. The maintenance of law & order in railways and railway premises is the responsibility of concerned State GRP, whereas the security of passengers and their belongings in the running trains and railway premises is the shared responsibility of the Railway Protection Force (RPF) and the Government Railway Police (GRP).
The cases of crime in railways are reported to, registered and investigated by the Government Railway Police (GRP). The investigation and prosecution of crime under the Indian Penal Code as well as sabotage related cases under the Railways Act (Sec.150 to 152) are the responsibility of the respective State GRP. The enforcement of Railways Property (Unlawful Possession) Act, 1966 and the Railways Act, 1989 excluding sec. 150 to 152 has been entrusted to Railway Protection Force, whereas the Indian Penal Code, all other special and local laws and maintenance of law and order remain with Government Railway Police (GRP) concerned.
The responsibility for arrest and prosecution for minor offences under the Indian Railways Act (which affect the passengers and the train operations) have been vested with the Railway Protection Force.